Blincoe James E 1886

James  Ernest Blincoe  [4217]
1886-1932

Known as Ernest.

Father Nm: Joseph Blincow [1263] b 11.7.1843 Dudley c 24.3.1844 St. Thomas Dudley died 11.2.1920 Handsworth Birmingham : Oldest known ancestor – Henry Blincow 1709 Kings Sutton.

Mother Nm: Jane Holmes [4947] born 1851 ? Bradford died 18.2.1904 Darlaston Staffs

Marriage Dt: 24 Aug. 1913 to Alice Duffield.

K comments:

click to enlarge

 

  • Arthur John served in the 2nd South Staffs Regt.
  • Albert Edward died of wounds 1914 serving with 7th Bn. Staffs Regt.
  • Joseph Frederick served with the 96thTraining Reserve Bn. and the 300 RDC Protection Coy.

Spouse Comments: Alice Duffield born 28.2.1887 [8225]  died Sep q 1963 Walsall aged 77 

Children: Ernest Alfred 1917-1995, Alice 1919-1994.

(Research): GR[B] West Bromwich Sept 1886 Morrison.

1891 Census 6 Bentley Rd Darlaston Staffs
  1. Joseph Blencow 48 Maltster
  2. Jane Blencow 40
  3. William H Blencow 11
  4. Joseph F Blencow 10
  5. Albert E Blencow 8
  6. Arthur J Blencow 6
  7. Jame E Blencow 4
  8. Bery Now Blencow 1
1901 Census 3 Bentley Rd Darlaston Staffs
  1. Joseph Blencoe 58
  2. Jane Blencoe 50
  3. William Blencoe 21
  4. Frederick Blencoe 20
  5. Albert Edward Blencoe 18
  6. Arthur I Blencoe 15
  7. James E Blencoe 14
  8. Benjamin Blencoe 11
1911 Census Walsall Staffordshire
  1. Blincow Edward Head M 1883 28 
  2. Blincow Ernest Brother M 1887 24 
  3. Blincow Female Dau F 1911 0 
  4. Blincow Ben Son M 1907 4 
  5. Blincow Joseph Father M 1843 68 
  6. Blincow Lizzie Wife F 1884 27 
  7. Blincow William Brother M 1877 34 
ICON ONLINE WAR GALLERY South Staffs
Online War Photo Album South Staffordshire Regiment
WW1

Blincoe (James) Ernest, 1886, West Bromwich, Private, 15064, 9th, 1/6th and 3rd Bn. South Staffs Regiment.

9th (Service) Battalion (Pioneers)

9th Bn group
Photo of a group of men from the 9th South Staffs 1914. they wore Blue Serge uniforms between Oct 1914 – Feb 1915.

Formed at Lichfield in September 1914 as part of K3. Moved to Aldershot and in December 1914 went into Talavera Barracks.

Attached as Army Troops to 23rd Division, and became Pioneer Bn. December 1914. Moved to Shorncliffe in March 1915 and went on in May to Oxney Park (Bordon).

Landed at Boulogne 24th August 1915.

A Pioneer Battalion the 9th involved in the general labouring required to support the war efforts this doesn’t mean they were out of harms way and indeed casualties and combat part of the duty.

1915
  • 24th Aug. Entered France as per Medal card. Medal roll confirms originally with the 9th (Service) Bn. Arrived after smooth crossing, disembarked 7 am. Marched to No.5 Rest Camp. Collected 32 horses, 12 two-wheeled carts and 6 four-wheeled carts. Left 2 officers and 120 men at no 5 Rest Camp and entrained at Gare de Marchadise. Journey via St Omer to Tilques, with danger from hostile aeroplanes on the way.2
  • 21st Sept. Battle of Loos. This date is before the main attack of the 25th Sept. and suggests that it was in the preparations for the attack that the 9th Pioneers were used. Although the 23rd Division (includes 9th) was in the order of battle not much reference to the division in the history of the battle. 7 The Bn. Suffer first casualty – 16033 Pte H Gerrard of D Coy wounded in the thigh. III Corps to go on offensive.2
  • 24th Sept. Bois Grenier B Coy attached to 68 Bde; C to 69 and D to 70. HQ and A Coy at La Motte. MG section attached 69 Bde.
  • 26th Sept. Received draft from 11th South Staffords. Now at 30 Offs. and 1020 rank and file.
  • The 9th Pioneers are in 1915 mainly in and around the Armentieres region especially Bois Grenier making hurdles and trenching.
  • 3-18th Oct. A and B Coys employed as before. C Coy. Working on the Grenier Line – 50 men on barbed wire entanglements in the rear of the first line and 50 at work paving Shaftsbury Avenue with bricks. D was revetting and repairing Cowgate Avenue communication trench. They remained in these locations until the 18th, but with D Coy sending 30 men to Brasserie as a carrying party on the 9th and working on Brick Street communication trench from the 10th to the 13th.
    • 13th Oct. Lavisee Post was shelled causing C and B Coy working parties four casualties. Wounded were; 14148 Pte Dennis J. C Coy;15041 Pte Harris L.J.;15257 Pte Smith E B Coy 14472 L/Cpl Chapman, . The Bn. suffered 12 deaths in 1915 after landing. 2
1916
  • 26th Jan.-8th Feb. From 9th Battalion war diary: The 23rd Division was relieved after a long five month spell in the front line by 34th Division. After a certain amount of confusing movement, Divisional HQ was established at Blaringhem and the units concentrated around Bruay.
  • Feb. – Jun. The battalion served on the Souchez Front until June 1916.
  • Jun. – Aug. The Pioneers were engaged on the Somme, holding defensive positions near Albert.
  • 1st Jul. Bazieux – Albert – ContalmaisonPozieresMunster Alley (War Diary notes clearing the battlefield on 8th Jul.)
  • 7th Jul. The Battalion was at Contalmaison and again in early August.
  • Aug. The Division moved back to Armentieres for a peaceful month before being posted to Le Sars and taking part in its capture between 15th and 22ndSeptember. The Bn. suffered 53 deaths in 1916.
1917
  • Following duty on the Somme Front, the Division was sent to the Ypres salient during the first two months of 1917 being posted close to Zillebeke. 2
  • 7-11th Jun. The Battle of Messines. The division had two infantry brigades in this attack after huge mines were detonated under the German lines. The 23rd Div. took Hill 60, Caterpillar, Battle Wood (Pillars of Fire) from the German 204th Regiment on the 7th of June and held it. This area was at the extreme north of the attack line.
  • 19th Aug. Edewaarihoek working on the roads. 2
  • 26th Aug. Passchendaele, in the line. 2
  • 30th Aug. Glencourse Wood. 2
  • 20th Sept. Menin Road and Tower Hamlets. 2
  • 23rd Sept. relieved by 33rd Divn. 2
  • 30th September 1917 – in the line north of Menin Road. 2
  • 1st Oct. In the line. 2
  • 9th Oct. relieved by the 7th Div. 2

    The movements of Ernest while with the 9th Bn. S. Staffs
    The movements of Ernest while with the 9th Bn. S. Staffs
  • Oct. Ernest is transferred. Following their involvement in the Third Battle of Ypres, the 9th South Staffs received orders to accompany the 23rd Division to Italy but Tom was not to go with them. He was instead transferred to the 1/5th South Stafford’s on 13th October 1917 and therefore remained on the Western Front in a combat role. 2 A paragraph from Tom Drury’s diary provides a clue to when Ernest was transferred it seems very likely he also was moved to a Territorial battalion in October 1917, in Ernest’s case, the 1/6th Bn S. Staffs.137th Brigade 46th (North Midlands) Division. 4

Note: The 9th Bn. South Staffs suffered 46 deaths in 1917 before being moved away from the western front.

1918

The 1/6th South Staffs, 46th Div. have the following battles attributed to their participation, however it’s not known if Ernest spent the balance of the war with the 1/6th Bn.

  • 12th Sept. After fifteen months of almost continuous defensive warfare, the 46th Div. moved from the Bethune area to the neighbourhood of Beaucourt sur l’Hallue and passed into reserve for a few days’ rest and training before proceeding into action near the southern limit of the British front. 4
  • 21st  Sept. One or two days in the Tertry area. Then a new front line which consisted of some 2,500 to 3,000 yards length of an old German trench system to the west of the St. Quentin Canal . 4
  • 29th Sept. – 3rd Oct. The Battle of the St Quentin Canal. A series of actions the first was the Battle of Bellengise.
    Men of the Ernest's 137th Brigade (46th Division) on a bank of the St Quentin Canal. Q9509 IWM
    Men of Ernest’s 137th Brigade (46th Division) on a bank of the St Quentin Canal. Q9509 IWM

    The task that the 137th Bde, was allotted was;

    1. to lead the Division across the Canal, to overcome any enemy resistance west of the Canal,
    2. to cross the Canal itself, break through the main defences of the Hindenburg Line east of the Canal,
    3. capture Bellengise, and advance to the Red objective, where a defensive position was to be consolidated so the other Brigades would pass through to continue the attack .4
  • The 29th September 1918 was to be the day the Hindenburg Line, the final truly defensible German defence line, was to be breached. The 46th Division was to storm the St. Quentin Canal between Bellenglise and the Riqueval Bridge with the 1/6th South Staffs to the north-west of Bellenglise. At ‘zero’ hour (5.50 a.m.) the 1/6th South Staffords approached the western bank of the canal enshrouded in fog. Lightly manned enemy outposts presented little resistance and they re-grouped at the west bank of the canal. Each man was to make his own way across the canal which was in cutting some 50 feet deep. Moving up the opposite bank, they advanced to the second line of trenches, comprising heavily fortified concrete defences and machine-gun emplacements. The persistent fog allowed the Staffs to approach the German trenches before rushing in with the bayonet. Many of the defenders similarly made use of the fog to escape although many more were made prisoner. After a brief pause, two companies of the 1/6th South Staffs continued the forward advance whilst the other two companies now turned to their right to enter Bellenglise. The Stafford’s met with little resistance and had little more to do than mop-up the remaining Germans paying special attention to the entrance to the Bellenglise canal tunnel, a previously impregnable part of the Hindenburg Line, and from where they captured almost a thousand prisoners..6
  • When Bellengise was captured and on the other side of the Canal the battalion pressed on meeting little resistance until they reached the Green Line objective where they were relieved by the 32nd Div.Bellngise and Ramicourt Map large
    • 30th Sept.-3rd Oct.The Battle of Ramicourt.
    • 2nd Oct. The Battle of Ramicourt. The 46th Div took over again from the 32nd Div at the Orange line on the 2nd Oct. for the assault on Ramicourt. The 138th and 139th Bdes. joined the 137th Bde in the thrust to the Red Line objective.
    • The 139th on the left had a straightforward if difficult task allotted to it the task of advancing against the Fonsomme line at its strongest point and then overrunning and mopping up in succession the villages of Ramicourtand Montbrehain. From the first, the attack met with strong resistance, the German troops in the Fonsomme line putting up a very stout fight indeed.4 However the 139th overcame the enemy resistance and took both Villages, it was however that at Montbrehain they hit trouble.
    • 3rd Oct. German counter-attack. After providing relatively little resistance the German forces regained composure and counter-attacked ferociously driving the 139th out of Montbrehain and the division by the end of the 3rd Oct. was on the yellow line and it then handed over to the 32nd Div yet again.
    • The Bn. had 55 men killed in the period 27th-4th Oct. 7 men killed on the 25th (At Pontruet), 27 killed at Bellengise on the 29th and lost 17 men on the 3rd Oct. in the German counter-attack.
    • For the cost of 800 casualties, the 46th advanced through 6,000 yards of formidable enemy defences, capturing 4,200 prisoners and seventy artillery pieces. Note John Thomas Blinco a Private with the Sherwood Foresters fought in this battle with the 139th Bde. of the Division.
  • After St Quentin, the 1/6th South Stafford’s took part in these last battles of the war.46th Div. Final battles of 1918 plus
  • 3-5th Oct. The Battle of the Beaurevoir Line.
  • 8-10th Oct.The Battle of Cambrai.
  • 17-25th Oct.The Battle of the Selle.
  • 4th Oct.The Battle of Sambre.
  • 11th Nov. Ended the war in France, at Sains du Nord S.E. of Avesnes.
1919
  • At some time prior to demobilisation Ernest was transferred to the 3rd Reserve Bn. (This Bn. on his medal card). Note the 3rd did not leave the UK the entire war.
  • 5th Mar. Discharged to Z reserves.
Sources
  1. 9th Bn. S. Staffs War Diary
  2. Extracts from diary of Private 15452 Tom Drury 9th Bn S. Staffs
  3. The Territorial Divisions, 1914-1918 by John Stirling
  4. The breaking of the Hindenburg line. the story of the 46th (North Midland) Division / with an introduction by G. F. Boyd
  5. Tom Drury and the South Staffordshire Regiment/Labour Corp
  6. Tipton Remembers “Wolverhampton Warriors” by Roy C. Evans.
  7. Loos 1915 Nick Lloyd
Medals

BritishWarMedal-VictoryMedal
Awarded the British and Victoria Medals

After the War
1932 Death age 45 years

England & Wales, Death Index, Name: James E Blincoe, Birth Date: abt 1887, Date of Registration: Jun 1932, Age at Death: 45, Registration District: Walsall, Inferred County: Staffordshire, Volume: 6b, Page: 611

Gallery

 

There are 3 records in the National Archives for this man. For copyright reasons, they cannot be re-published.

3rd South Staffs men
A group of South Staffs men including a bugler.
Brother Arthur John was in the South Staffs band before the war
© IWM (Q 11377) Cambrai 1918 MGC
Battle of Cambrai. A German shell-burst in a field near Cambrai. Soldiers of the Machine Gun Corps hurrying to get into the cover of their post, 8 October 1918.
© IWM (Q 11377)
46th Div map St Quentin Canal Sept 1918
Map showing the location of 46th Division in September 1918 and which German units they faced.
Hindenburg line St quentin 1918
The 46th Division, as part of a major operation, crossed the St. Quentin Canal, capturing the Hindenburg line.
Portion of the Hindenburg Line, South-west of Bullecourt -air photograph. Image courtesy of the Imperial War Museum © IWM
South Staffs regiment road clearing
Men digging a trench on a mountain side , this may be in Italy.
Working party of the 1st Battalion South Staffordshire Regiment, 7th Division, digging trenches over a mountain side.
© IWM
trenching
Trenching activity , Ernest saw plenty of this.
SPORT & GENERAL PRESS AGENCY COLLECTION
(photographs)
Men of 25th Middlesex Regiment digging trenches during training. September 1915.
© IWM

IMG_2454